Sobre o projecto da Mount Pèlerin Society
OBSERVATIONS ON PROFESSOR HAYEK’S PLAN LUDWIG VON MISES*
In the last sixty or eighty years in every country eminent citizens have
become alarmed about the rising tide of totalitarianism. They wanted to
preserve freedom and Western civilization and to organize an ideological and
political movement to stop the progress on the road to serfdom.
All these endeavors failed utterly; the parties and groups dedicated to
their realization very soon disappeared from the public scene. Even their
names fell into oblivion.
The cause of this lamentable failure was that the founders of these
movements could not emancipate themselves from the sway of the very ideas
of the foes of liberty. They did not realize that freedom is inextricably linked
with the market economy. They endorsed by and large the critical part of the
socialist program. They were committed to a middle-of-the-road solution, to
All those evils which the interventionists charge to the
market economy are the products of allegedly beneficial interference. Credit
expansion results in an artificial boom and then in a crash. Minimum wage
rates, whether enforced by government decree or by labor union pressure
and compulsion, result in mass unemployment prolonged year after year. The
pernicious effects of protectionism and inflation are obvious.
He who wants to preserve freedom must not parrot-like repeat the
catch-words of the totalitarians. (...)
As I understand the plan, it is not the task of this meeting to discuss anew
whether or not a government decree or a union dictate has the power to raise
the standard of living of the masses. If somebody wants to discuss these
problems, there is no need for him to make a pilgrimage to the Mount
Pèlerin. He can find in his neighborhood ample opportunity to do so.
December 31, 1946
Ludwig von Mises